Why were the Umayyad caliphs successful?
The Umayyad caliphate was the first predominantly political caliphate that ruled in the Muslim world. The first Umayyad caliph, Muawiyah, succeeded Ali to become the fifth caliph of Islam. The Umayyad were of the Quraysh tribe of Mecca who converted to Islam. The Umayyad established the first dynastic rule of the Islamic world in 661 CE until they were overthrown by the Abbasid caliphate in 750 CE.
Answer and Explanation:
The success of the Umayyad caliphate is due to their expansion and organization. The Umayyad centralized their authority in a capital city of Damascus...
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fromChapter 13 / Lesson 7
Discover the history behind the rise and fall of the Umayyad Caliphate, the first major dynasty of the Islamic World. Learn the era's achievements and drawbacks.