Why were the Umayyad caliphs successful?


Why were the Umayyad caliphs successful?

Umayyad Caliphate:

The Umayyad caliphate was the first predominantly political caliphate that ruled in the Muslim world. The first Umayyad caliph, Muawiyah, succeeded Ali to become the fifth caliph of Islam. The Umayyad were of the Quraysh tribe of Mecca who converted to Islam. The Umayyad established the first dynastic rule of the Islamic world in 661 CE until they were overthrown by the Abbasid caliphate in 750 CE.

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The success of the Umayyad caliphate is due to their expansion and organization. The Umayyad centralized their authority in a capital city of Damascus...

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The Umayyad Dynasty: Rulers & Warfare


Chapter 13 / Lesson 7

Discover the history behind the rise and fall of the Umayyad Caliphate, the first major dynasty of the Islamic World. Learn the era's achievements and drawbacks.

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