Why is surface area important in the digestive system?


Why is surface area important in the digestive system?

The Digestion:

Digestion can be regarded as a mechanical and a chemical process that is used to break the larger food particles into smaller ones in order to transport them into the bloodstream.

Answer and Explanation: 1

The chemical and mechanical digestion process of food particles aids in increasing the surface area of the food particles to allow proper functioning of enzymes. A set of enzymatic reactions helps in breaking down the complex food compounds into small compounds such as amino acids, sugars, or other vitamins and minerals. When the food particles are broken down into smaller particles- the surface area of it will be higher so then the enzymes can react efficiently and facilitate the absorption in the digestive system.

Therefore, the surface area of the food components are important in digestion.

In addition, the digestive system also has features to increase the surface area, which will help in efficient digestive process. For example, the small intestine has microvilli which are finger-like structures which helps in increasing the surface area for a proper digestion.

Learn more about this topic:

What is Digestion? - Definition & Process


Chapter 13 / Lesson 12

Learn about digestion and the parts, functions, and procedures of the digestive process. Discover the various organs that contribute to digestive function.

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