Why do some cells have more mitochondria?

Question:

Why do some cells have more mitochondria?

Mitochondria:

Mitochondria is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells. It is often called the powerhouse of the cell because it is the location for the portion of cellular respiration that produces the majority of ATP molecules, which are the main source of energy for the cell. Mitochondria are the energy production center of the cell.

Answer and Explanation: 1

Some cells have more mitochondria than others because they need to process more glucose and produce more ATP. For example, fat cells are the major site for stored energy in the body. Fat cells therefore have more mitochondria because they have more glucose to process than other cells do. Muscle cells also have more mitochondria, but for a slightly different reason. Muscle cells need to be able to produce a larger amount of ATP more quickly than other cells, so that your muscles can perform the way you need them to perform and have enough energy to hold out. Having extra mitochondria allows faster ATP production so muscle cells can keep up with any demands placed on the muscles.


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What Is Mitochondria? - Definition & Functions

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Chapter 3 / Lesson 8
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Learn the definition of mitochondria and understand their different functions. Discover mitochondria's structure and parts with a diagram and see their location.


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