What volume (in mL) of a 12.0 M HCl solution is required to prepare 500 mL of a 0.100 M HCl...
What volume (in mL) of a 12.0 M HCl solution is required to prepare 500 mL of a 0.100 M HCl solution by dilution?
Dilution of Solution:
A solution sample is often prepared through dilution instead of starting with pure solute and solvent species. This procedure requires an existing stock solution that has the same solute and solvent components. This stock solution has a higher solute concentration than what is desired in the diluted solution. The solute concentration is decreased by adding some volume of pure liquid solvent to the stock solution. If the concentration is defined as a molarity, then this molarity decreases after dilution because the same solute moles are now dissolved in a larger solution volume.
Answer and Explanation: 1
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This is an aqueous solution where hydrochloric acid (HCl) is the solute. A stock solution of 12.0 M is being diluted down to 0.100 M. We define the...
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fromChapter 8 / Lesson 5
Want to know how to calculate dilution factor? See dilution equations, the dilution formula, and learn how to dilute acid and how to dilute a solution.