What type of colony was the Massachusetts Bay Colony?

Question:

What type of colony was the Massachusetts Bay Colony?

Roger Conant:

Roger Conant was born around April 1592, and he became a drysalter (a merchant who provided salt or other chemicals for food preservation). In 1624, he migrated to Plymouth Colony and found residence in the Cape Ann Colony (established in 1623). After the Cape Ann Colony failed in 1625, he remained in Massachusetts and established Salem, serving as its first leader from 1626 to 1628. In 1630, he became a member of the Massachusetts Bay Company, and he was instrumental in establishing the towns of Peabody and Danvers.

Answer and Explanation:

The Massachusetts Bay Colony was a proprietary colony.

The Massachusetts Bay Company was given a colonial grant by King Charles I, and the company was given all rights to governance of the colony. Settlement began in late 1628, as the company sent over about 100 settlers to join Roger Conant, one of the surviving settlers of the 1623 Cape Ann Colony. Upon the arrival of the settlers, the company gave them the power to elect their governor and have a quasi-self-governing colony. Unlike the other original proprietary colonies in North America, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was the first to have its charter with them in the New World, and their leaders were there as well. Since the colony was settled by Puritans, they supported the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War, and when the monarchy was restored in 1660, King Charles II revoked the charter. Between 1660 and 1692, the former proprietary colony transitioned to more and more control by the monarch, and by 1692, the old Massachusetts Bay Colony was grafted into the Province of Massachusetts Bay with other colonies in the area. King William III granted a new charter; however, the colony became a royal colony (governor appointed by the King).


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Massachusetts Bay Colony: Religion, History & Economy

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Chapter 2 / Lesson 12
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Read about who founded the Massachusetts colony and its development. Learn about Massachusetts' geography, economy, and the importance of religion to the Puritans.


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