What nuclear forces are involved in nuclear power production?
Nearly everyone remembers the Fukushima disaster, in which an earthquake and subsequent tsunami damaged the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan in 2011. The earthquake caused water to leak from the reactor core, making it impossible to keep the reactors cool. This led to a partial nuclear meltdown with resulting radioactive materials being leaked into the ocean. Plant managers and workers bravely fought to try to prevent the leak from doing more damage, and some lost their lives.
Answer and Explanation: 1
In nuclear power production, a fission reaction in uranium atoms is generated by colliding neutrons with the uranium atoms. When this happens, the atoms split apart, releasing fission energy, which is a very high energy but weaker than fusion or than the fission of some other type of smaller atom. The fission also releases more neutrons, which collide with other atoms and create more fission. Within the reactor are control rods that can absorb excessive neutrons to keep the reaction within certain limits so it doesn't spin out of control. The heat produced by this fission then heats water and changes it into hot steam, which runs spin turbines. The turbines then power large generators that deliver power to the community.
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fromChapter 15 / Lesson 7
Despite being considered climate-friendly, nuclear power plants come with a number of risks. Learn how nuclear power works, the definition of a meltdown, and the health and safety concerns surrounding radioactive waste.