What is the balanced chemical equation of Shampoo? And what is the chemical reaction of it?

Question:

What is the balanced chemical equation of Shampoo? And what is the chemical reaction of it?

Chemicals, Chemical Formulae, and Chemical Equations:

Chemistry is the study of how chemical species interact with one another using their electrons. A chemical species is any distinct substance - it may be an element, a compound, an ion, etc.

Chemical formulae are a succinct format for conveying information about the atoms present in a chemical species, and how much of each element there is. An example of a chemical formula is {eq}NaCl {/eq} for common salt, which tells us that one molecule of salt contains one atom of sodium and one atom of chlorine in a molecule.

Chemical equations are a shorthand way to representing chemical reactions in which one or more reactants interact chemically to form one or more products. Usually, chemical equations need to be balanced in order to facilitate stoichiometric analysis.

Answer and Explanation: 1

This question mentions shampoo, a common household cleaning liquid. First of all, we should note that 'shampoo' itself is not a pure chemical species. It contains many chemical compounds whose names can be found on the shampoo bottle itself, under the contents section. The major active substance in most shampoos is sodium laureth sulfate, abbreviated SLES, and having the molecular formula {eq}CH_3(CH_2)_{11} (OCH_2CH_2)_nOSO_3Na {/eq}.

The above chemical formula tells us that the elements in this compound are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and some sulfur and sodium.

To answer the question directly, to specify a chemical reaction, we need to know what other reagent is reacting with shampoo. It by itself is inert and does not react spontaneously. Once the other reactant is specified, it is possible to write out the balanced chemical equation.


Learn more about this topic:

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What is a Chemical Equation? - Definition & Examples

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Chapter 13 / Lesson 9
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Learn about chemical equations. Understand how chemical equations represent chemical reactions, and explore components of chemical equations through examples.


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