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What is CPE in virology, and how it is formed?

Question:

What is CPE in virology, and how it is formed?

Viruses:

There are several different ways that viruses can replicate in the cell. One of the most common ways is for the virus to invade the cytoplasm of the cell and replicate using the compounds in the cytoplasm. Some viruses, such as retroviruses, insert their genetic material into the DNA of the cell to use the cell's own mechanisms to reproduce the virus.

Answer and Explanation: 1

In virology, CPE stands for two terms that are used interchangeably. These terms are cytopathic effect or cytopathogenic effect. This effect is the change to a host cell and the cell's cytoplasm as a result of invasion by a virus. In the cytopathogenic effect, the host cell usually lyses, meaning it's cytoplasm ruptures as part of the disbursement of new viral particles after viral replication within the cell. If the virus is prevented from replicating, the effect then refers to the death of the cell as a result of the invasion.

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What Are Viruses? - Definition, Structure & Function

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Chapter 9 / Lesson 1
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Learn about the field of science that includes the study of viruses, understand virus structure and function, and see a comparison of viruses to bacteria.


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