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What is binding energy in nuclear physics?

Question:

What is binding energy in nuclear physics?

Nuclear Physics:

Nuclear physics is the subfield of physics which specifically deals with the composition and interactions of the subatomic particles in the nucleus of an atom. This is different from atomic physics which studies both the nucleus and the electrons of an atom. Few of the many technological applications of physics are nuclear weapon, nuclear medicine, and nuclear power.

Answer and Explanation: 1

The nucleus of an atom is made up of protons and neutrons. In order to separate these subatomic particles, the nuclear binding energy must be satisfied. Take note that the binding energy in nuclear physics must be referred to as the nuclear binding energy. This is because there are other binding energy like atomic binding energy and electron binding energy. The nuclear binding energy is also defined as the energy produced when protons and neutrons combine. Basically, mass is lost when protons and neutrons are combined. This mass is converted to the nuclear binding energy. The nuclear binding energy is related to the mass defect through the equation {eq}\rm{E=\Delta mc^2 }{/eq}, where c is the speed of light in a vacuum.


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Nuclear Physics: Nuclear Force & Building Energy

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Chapter 15 / Lesson 14
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Nuclear physics studies include studying the forces and energy exchanged between atomic nuclei and the particles therein. Learn the general study of nuclear physics, the binding energy seen in nuclear reactions, and the distinctions in fusion and fission.


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