What industry spurred the opening of Japan by the Americans?

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What industry spurred the opening of Japan by the Americans?

Japan's Closed Borders:

Japan closed its borders to European trade in 1639 to stop unfair trade practices and missionary attempts to convert the Japanese to Catholicism. The country would remain closed to outsiders, besides limited trade with the Netherlands and China, for the next two centuries.

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In the 19th century, the United States annexed California, giving the country open ports on the Pacific Ocean. Also during this period, China opened...

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The Westernization of Japan During the Meiji Era

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Chapter 9 / Lesson 7
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Due to trade relationships, Japan became increasingly westernized during the Meiji era. Learn the background of Japan's trading system, how the Perry Expedition forced Japan to open its ports, and an overview of the Meiji reform.


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