# The speed of longitudinal waves, called P waves, is 7274.0 m/s. Transverse waves, called S waves,...

## Question:

The speed of longitudinal waves, called P waves, is 7274.0 m/s. Transverse waves, called S waves, travel at a slower 3803.0 m/s. A seismograph records the two waves from a distant earthquake. If the S wave arrives 4.47 min after the P wave, how far away was the earthquake?

## Speed of Wave:

A wave carries energy along with it, there are no particles to travel along with the wave. The speed of wave indicates how fast the phase of the wave is traveling with time, which in turn indicates how fast the energy is carried by the wave.

## Answer and Explanation: 1

Become a Study.com member to unlock this answer! Create your account

View this answer**Given Data**

- Speed of
*P*waves, {eq}v_p\ = 7274.0\ m/s{/eq}

- Speed of
*S*waves, {eq}v_s\ = 3803.0\ m/s{/eq}

- Difference in time taken by the
*P*and*S*waves...

See full answer below.

#### Ask a question

Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions.

Ask a question Ask a question#### Search Answers

#### Learn more about this topic:

from

Chapter 21 / Lesson 8Learn about earthquake waves. Understand what seismic waves are, and the different types of seismic waves. Discover which seismic waves travel most rapidly.

#### Related to this Question

- Earthquakes produce seismic waves that travel through the earth. The speed of longitudinal seismic waves, called P waves, is 8000 m/s. Transverse seismic waves, called S waves, travel at a slower 4500
- Earthquakes are essentially sound waves traveling through the Earth, called seismic waves Because the Earth is solid, it can support both longitudinal and transverse seismic waves, which travel at different speeds. The speed of longitudinal waves called
- Earthquakes are essentially sound waves traveling through the earth. They are called seismic waves. Because the earth is solid, it can support both longitudinal and transverse seismic waves, which travel at different speeds. The speed of longitudinal wave
- The velocity of the transverse waves produced by an earthquake is 6.13 km/s, while that of the longitudinal waves is 9.9919 km/s. A seismograph records the arrival of the transverse waves 61.5 seconds
- The velocity of the transverse waves produced by an earthquake is 7 km/s, while that of the longitudinal waves is 11.41 km/s. A seismograph records the arrival of the transverse waves 51.1 s after tha
- The velocity of the transverse waves produced by an earthquake is 7.2 km/s, while that of the longitudinal waves is 4.2 km/s. A seismograph records the arrival of the transverse waves 68 s before that
- The velocity of the transverse waves produced by an earthquake is 5.08 km/s, while that of the longitudinal waves is 8.3312 km/s. A seismograph records the arrival of the transverse waves 55.9 s after
- The velocity of the transverse waves produced by an earthquake is 8.9 km/s, and that of the longitudinal waves is 5.1 km/s. A seismograph records the arrival of the transverse waves 73 s before the ar
- Earthquakes are essentially sound waves travelling through the earth. They are called seismic waves. Because the earth is solid, it can support both longitudinal and transverse seismic waves, which travel at different speeds. The speed of longitudinal wav
- Earthquakes produce two kinds of seismic waves: he longitudinal primary waves (called P waves) and the transverse secondary waves (called S waves). Both S waves and P waves travel through Earth's crust and mantle, but at different speeds; the P waves are
- Earthquakes are essentially sound waves called seismic waves traveling through the earth. Because the earth is solid, it can support both longitudinal and transverse seismic waves. The speed of longit
- Earthquakes generate sound waves inside Earth. Unlike a gas, Earth can experience both transverse (S) and longitudinal (P) sound waves. Typically, the speed of S waves is about 4.5 km/s and that of P waves 8 km/s. A seismograph records P and S waves from
- Earthquakes generate sound waves inside the earth. Unlike a gas, the earth can experience both transverse (S) and longitudinal (P) sound waves. Typically the speed of the S wave is about 8.0 km/s, and that of the P wave is 4.0 km/s. A seismograph records
- An earthquake generates three kinds of waves: surface waves (L waves), which are the slowest and weakest; shear (S) waves, which are transverse waves and carry most of the energy; and pressure (P) waves, which are longitudinal waves and travel the fastest
- Earthquakes generate sound waves inside Earth. Unlike a gas, Earth can experience both transverse (S) and longitudinal (P) sound waves. Typically, the speed of S waves is about 4.76 km/s, and that of P waves is 8.28 km/s. A seismograph records P and S wav
- An earthquake emits both S-waves and P-waves which travel at different speeds through the Earth. A P-wave travels at 9,000 m/s and an S-wave travels at 5,000 m/s. If P-waves are received at a seismic station 1.00 minute before an S-wave arrives, how far a
- Earthquakes are motions of the earth's crust. Essentially, they are big sound waves that travel through the Earth. There are two types of waves. i) The first type is called a longitudinal or P wave, where the earth compresses in the same direction as the
- Earthquakes generate sound waves inside Earth. Unlike a gas, Earth can experience both transverse (S) and longitudinal (P) sound waves. Typically, the speed of S waves is about 4.01 km/s, and that of
- Earthquakes generate sound waves inside Earth. Unlike a gas, Earth can experience both transverse (S) and longitudinal (P) sound waves. Typically, the speed of S waves is about 4.05 km/s, and that of
- When an earthquake occurs, two types of sound waves are generated and travel through the earth. The primary, or P, wave has a speed of about 8.05 km/s, and the secondary, or S, wave has a speed of about 4.48 km/s. A seismograph, located some distance away
- Earthquakes at fault lines in the Earth's crust create seismic waves, which are longitudinal (P waves) or transverse (S waves). The P waves has a speed of about 7 km / s. Estimate the average bulk modulus of the Earth's crust given that the density of roc
- When an earthquake occurs, two types of sound waves are generated and travel through the earth. The primary, or P, wave has a speed of about 8.0 km/s and the secondary, or S, wave has a speed of about
- When an earthquake occurs, two types of sound waves are generated and travel through the earth. The primary or P wave has a speed of about 8.0 km/s and the secondary or S wave has a speed of about 4.5
- Earthquakes at fault lines in Earth's crust create seismic waves, which are longitudinal (P-waves) or transverse (S-waves). The P-waves have a speed of about 6km/s. Estimate the average bulk modulus o
- Two earthquakes waves of the same frequency travel through the same medium, one wave has 3 times the energy of the other. What is the ratio of the amplitudes of the two waves? \\ If the first wave strikes a boundary between two mediums traveling at 10 Km
- Earthquakes produce several types of shock waves. The most well-known are the P-waves (P for primary or pressure) and the S-waves (S for secondary or shear). In the earth's crust, the P-waves travel at around 6.5 km/s while the S-waves move at about 3.5 k
- A. Earthquakes produce several types of shock waves. The best known are the P-waves (P for primary or pressure) and the S-waves (S for secondary or shear). In the earth's crust, P-waves travel at around 6.40 km/s while S-waves move at about 3.50 km/s. (Th
- Earthquakes produce several types of shock waves. The best known are the P-waves (P for primary or pressure) and the S-waves (S for secondary or shear). In the earth's crust, P-waves travel at around 6.40 km/s while S-waves move at about 3.50 km/s. (The a
- Earthquakes produce several types of shock waves. The best known are the P-waves (P for primary or pressure) and the S-waves (S for secondary or shear). In the earth's crust, P-waves travel at around 6.40 km/s while S-waves move at about 3.50 km/s.
- Two earthquake waves of the same frequency travel through the same medium; one wave has 3 times the energy of the other. a) What is the ratio of the amplitudes of the two waves? b) If the first wave strikes a boundary between two mediums traveling at 10
- Two earthquakes waves of the same frequency travel through the same medium, one wave has 3 times the energy of the other. (a) What is the ratio of the amplitudes of the two waves? (b) If the first wave strikes a boundary between two mediums travelling at
- When an earthquake occurs, two types of sound waves are generated and travel through the earth. The primary, or P, wave has a speed of about 7.88km/s and the secondary, or S, wave has a speed of about
- Longitudinal waves are also called pressure waves. Why?
- Sound waves are: a. transverse waves b. longitudinal waves c. electromagnetic waves d. radio waves
- tsunamis are fast moving waves often generated by underwater earthquakes.Tsunamis are fast moving waves often generated by underwater earthquakes. In deep ocean their amplitude is barely noticeable, b
- Earthquakes at fault lines in Earth's crust create seismic waves, which are longitudinal (P-waves) or transverse (S-waves). The P-waves have a speed of about 7 km/s. Estimate the average bulk modulus of Earth's crust given that the density of rock is abou
- Earthquakes at fault lines in Earth's crust create seismic waves, which are longitudinal (P-waves) or transverse (S-waves). The P-waves have a speed of about 8 km/s. Estimate the average bulk modulus of Earth's crust given that the density of rock is abou
- Earthquakes at fault lines in Earth's crust create seismic waves which are longitudinal (P-waves) or transverse (S-waves). The P-waves have a speed of about 6 km/s. Estimate the average bulk modulus of Earth's crust given that the density of rock is about
- Fill in the blanks: a. Longitudinal waves move in the as the medium movement. b. Transverse waves move to the medium movement. c. Waves transfer without transferring.
- An earthquake generates three kinds of waves: surface waves (L-waves), which are the slowest and weakest, shear (S) waves, which are transverse waves and carry most of the energy, and pressure (P) wav
- 2. An earthquake generates three kinds of waves: surface waves (L waves), which are the slowest and weakest; shear (S) waves, which are transverse waves and carry most of the energy; and pressure (P)
- A typical earthquake produces two types of seismic waves. P ("primary") seismic waves are longitudinal waves that move through the earth's upper crust at about 3 km/s to 5 km/s (depending on the crust composition). S ("secondary") waves are transverse wav
- P-waves travel faster, which is why they arrive first. But there are other differences between P- and S-waves, too. Which of the following are true of P-waves? (Choose any that apply) 1) P-waves travel by compressional motion 2) P-waves travel by shearing
- 1.) A rock at the blank of a coast is struck by water waves. Find the frequency of the waves striking the rock, if the distance between two consecutive crests or troughs is 100 m. Velocity of water wa
- What is the difference between a longitudinal wave and a transverse wave? Choose the correct answer. Longitudinal wave: particle displacement is (parallel or perpendicular) to wave velocity. Transverse wave: particle displacement is (parallel or perpendic
- Earthquakes produce several types of shock waves. The best known are the P-waves (P for primary or pressure) and the S-waves (S for secondary or shear). In the earth's crust, P-waves travel at around6.40 km/s while S-waves move at about 3.50 km/s. (The ac
- Suppose that there is a seismic P wave traveling at 5.1 x 10^3 m/s with a wavelength of 1.9 x 10^3 m. a) Find the waves frequency.
- An ocean liner experiences broad waves, called swells, with a frequency of one every 20 seconds (0.05 Hz) and a wavelength of 440 feet. Assume the waves are moving due east. If the liner maintains a s
- If waves move at a constant wave speed, does the medium accelerate?
- P and S waves from an earthquake travel at different speeds, and this difference helps in locating the earthquake epicenter (where the disturbance took place).
- 1. If an earthquake wave having a wavelength of 13 km caused the ground to vibrate 10 times each minute, what is the speed of the wave? a. 1.2 km/s b. 2.2 km/s c. 220 m/s d. 22 m/s 2. If the am
- Earthquakes produce several types of shock waves. The most well-known are the P-waves (P for primary or pressure) and the S-waves (S for secondary or shear). In the earth's crust, the P-waves travel a
- Consider an earthquake generates three kinds of waves: surface waves (L waves), which are the slowest and weakest; shear (S) waves, which are transverse waves and carry most of the energy; and pressur
- Earthquakes produce several types of shock waves. The most well known are the P-waves and the S-waves. In the earth's crust, P-waves travel at about 6.5 km/s and S-waves move at about 3.5 km/s. The time delay between the arrival of these two waves at a se
- (a) Seismographs measure the arrival times of earthquakes with a precision of 0.100 s. To get the distance to the epicenter of the quake, they compare the arrival times of S- and P-waves, which travel at different speeds. If S- and P-waves travel at 4.00
- Ocean waves are hitting a beach at a rate of 2.0 Hz. The distance between wave crests is 1.5 m. Calculate the speed of the waves.
- You are out at sea watching buoys oscillate as water waves pass by. The buoy oscillates up and down 3 times each second. The distance between wave crests causing this oscillation is 2 meters. a) What is its frequency of the water waves? b) What is the w
- Can the Doppler effect be observed with longitudinal waves, with transverse waves, or with both?
- What type of waves are sound waves? a. Latitudinal waves b. Longitudinal waves c. Latitudinal mechanical waves d. Mechanical waves
- Transverse waves are traveling on a long string that is under a tension of 7.00N. The equation describing these waves is y(x,t)=(1.40cm)sin((440s-1)t-(45.6m-1)x). Find the speed of the wave using the
- If 120 waves strike a wall in 1 min and the distance between adjacent crests is 2 m, the speed of the waves is ____. a. 2 m/s. b. 8 m/s. c. 4 m/s. d. 30 m/s.
- If the speed of a longitudinal wave is 340 meters/sec, and the freq is 500 Hz, what is the wavelength of the wave?
- An observer standing at sea coasts observes 54 waves reaching the coast per minute. If the wavelength of the wave is 10m, find the speed. What types of waves did he observe?
- Vibrating a long spring with a succession of pulses with a frequency of 50\ \mathrm{Hz} produces adjacent nodes that are separated by 3.5\ \mathrm{cm}. What is the velocity of the longitudinal waves formed?
- If 120 waves strike a wall 1 min and the distance between adjacent crests is 2 m, the speed of the wave is ______. a) 2 m/s b) 8 m/s c) 4 m/s d) 30 m/s
- In a transverse wave that travels through a medium, the molecules of the medium vibrate: A. at right angles to the direction in which the wave travels B. with smaller amplitudes than the molecules in a longitudinal wave C. at twice the velocity of the mol
- Electromagnetic waves A) travel with more than the speed of light in vacuum. B) are not really waves. C) are transverse waves. D) are longitudinal waves. E) travel with less than the speed of light in vacuum.
- The wavelength of water waves passing a boat are 56 m. There is 10.0 s between the arrival of each wave crest. What is the wave speed of these waves?
- A water wave oscillates up and down once every 2.00 seconds. The distance between wave crests is 1.75 m. The speed of the wave is _ _ _ _m/s.
- A person is watching water waves at the ocean and they notice the peak to peak distance between the waves is 3.4 m. They also notice there are 55 waves every 10.0 seconds passing the end of a pier. How fast are the waves going?
- Which one of these statements about longitudinal waves is false? a. The speed of propagation of the wave and the oscillation speed of the oscillators are the same. b. Longitudinal waves obey the sam
- Explain the meaning of the following terms: A) Transverse waves B) Longitudinal waves C) Standing waves D) Shock waves
- Longitudinal waves in spring have a wavelength of 50 mm. The vibrator making them is vibrating at 5 oscillations per second. Calculate the speed of the waves.
- Vibrating a long spring with a succession of pulses with a frequency of 50 Hz produces adjacent nodes that are separated by 3.5 cm. What is the velocity of the longitudinal waves formed?
- What phenomenon distinguishes longitudinal waves from transverse waves?
- A longitudinal wave traveling on a Slinky has a period of 0.6 s and a wavelength of 40 cm. What is the speed of the wave? a) 1.0 m/s b) 0.82 m/s c) 0 0.24 m/s d) 0.67 m/s
- A standing wave occurs when ......................... . a) two waves overlap b) a wave reflects upon itself c) the speed of the wave is zero or near zero d) the amplitude of a wave exceeds its wavelength
- A sound wave travels a distance 1020 m in 5 minutes. If the length of the three successive crests is 15 m, then calculate the wave speed.
- The distance between two incoming water wave crests is 2.4 m and the time of arrival between wave crests is 1.6 s. What is the approximate speed of the waves?
- An ocean wave has a length of 12.0 meters.A wave passes a fixed location every 2.0 seconds.What is the speed of the waves?
- 20 wave crests pass a fisherman in one minute. If the wave crests are 2.0 m apart, find Period Frequency Speed of waves.
- A sinusoidal transverse wave travels along a long stretched string. The amplitude of this wave is 0.0989 m, its frequency is 2.95 Hz, and its wavelength is 1.37m. a) What is the shortest transverse di
- The crests on a long surface water wave are 22 m apart, and in 1 minute 8 crests pass by. What is the speed of this wave?
- Tsunamis are fast-moving waves often generated by underwater earthquakes. In the deep ocean their amplitude is barely noticable, but upon reaching shore, they can rise up to the astonishing height of
- An undersea earthquake or a landslide can produce a tsunami, an ocean wave of short duration carrying great energy. When its wavelength is large compared to the ocean depth, d, the speed of a water wa
- Scouts at a camp shake the rope bridge they have just crossed and observe the wave crests to be 8.00 m apart. If they shake the bridge twice per second, what is the propagation speed of the waves?
- A crest on a transverse wave is to a compression in a longitudinal wave as a trough is to: A. a resonance. B. a beat. C. interference. D. a rarefaction. E. an antinode.
- The distance from crest to crest of a wave is called its (a) Frequency. (b) Wavelength. (c) Amplitude. (d) Velocity.
- The source of a wave generates 25 crests and 25 troughs in 5.0 s, and the distance between two successive crests in that wave is 1.5 m . What is the speed of the waves?
- An ocean wave generated by an earthquake propagates along the open ocean at a speed of 700 km/hr and has a wavelength of 750 times 10^2 m. What is the frequency of the waves? a. 0.00026 Hz. b. 0.93 Hz. c. 0.15 Hz. d. 6.8 Hz.
- A stationary boat in the ocean is experiencing waves from a storm. The waves move at 59 km/h and have a wavelength of 155 m. The boat is at the crest of a wave. Part A How much time elapses until the
- A fisherman notices that wave crests pass the bow of his anchored boat every 4.0s. He measures the distance between two crests to be 6.5m. How fast are the waves traveling?
- On Lake Minnetonka, 12 waves roll to shore in 20 seconds. The distance between successive wave crests is 2 meters. Is this a transverse or longitudinal wave? What is the wavelength of the waves? What
- Two wave pulses travel on a string. Wave pulse A displaces the string by +3 cm at x = 8 m. Wave pulse B displaces the string by +2 cm at x = 8 m. If both wave pulses reach x = 8 m at the same time, how much is the string displaced?
- Identify the following waves as T-Transverse, or L-Longitudinal. (If the first is R and the rest L, enter TLLL). A) The 'WAVE' made by fans at sports events. B) Radio waves (electromagnetic waves) transmitting music. C) Waves on the surface of a bass drum
- Which one of the following waves is purely longitudinal? 1. radio waves traveling through vacuum 2. sound waves in air surface waves in a shallow pan of water 3. waves on a plucked violin string micro
- Are water waves at the beach with a velocity of 1.75 \ m/s and a wavelength of 3.213 \ m and frequency of 1/1.84 \ Hz considered fast?
- A 1578 Hz wave is passing through a medium and has a speed of 943 m/s. How fast would a 4917 Hz wave travel through the same medium? Assume both waves are the same type and that the medium doesn't cha
- A sinusoidal transverse wave travels along a long stretched string. The amplitude of this wave is 0.0887 m, its frequency is 2.27 Hz, and its wavelength is 1.73 m. (a) What is the shortest transverse
- A sinusoidal transverse wave travels along a long stretched string. The amplitude of this wave is 0.0937 m, its frequency is 3.03 Hz, and its wavelength is 1.07 m. (a) What is the shortest transverse