"tail bone"; vestigial fused vertebrae: A. atlas B. axis C. cervical-vertebra-typical D. coccyx...
"tail bone"; vestigial fused vertebrae:
E. lumbar vertebra
G. thoracic vertebra
The spine can be observed looking at the posterior aspect of the body. This is a bony structure that is divided into sections from superior to inferior. The spine is very important because the spinal cord replies on this structure for protection. The spine also provides stability and support for the rest of the body.
Answer and Explanation: 1
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The "tail bone"; vestigial fused vertebrae is known as the coccyx. This is consistent with answer choice "D". The coccyx is the...
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fromChapter 11 / Lesson 1
Learn about skeletal disorders. Understand what skeletal system disorders are, learn about different diseases that affect the skeletal system, and see their causes.
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- Massive vertebrae; weight-sustaining: A. atlas B. axis C. cervical-vertebra-typical D. coccyx E. lumbar vertebra F. sacrum G. thoracic vertebra
- Composite bone; articulates with the hip bone laterally: A. atlas B. axis C. cervical-vertebra-typical D. coccyx E. lumbar vertebra F. sacrum G. thoracic vertebra
- The distinguishing characteristics of the vertebrae compounding the vertebral column are noted below. Correctly identify the described structure. *atlas *axis *cervical vertebra-typical *coccyx *lumbar vertebra *sacrum *thoracic vertebra 1. Vertebra typ
- Transverse foramina occur only in _. a. Cervical vertebrae b. Thoracic vertebrae c. Lumbar vertebrae d. Sacral vertebrae e. Coccygeal vertebrae
- The atlas and axis are part of the A. lumbar vertebrae B. thoracic vertebrae C. cervical vertebrae D. sacral vertebrae
- The bone that forms the back and part of the base of the skull is the ______. (a) parietal bone (b) temporal bone (c) occipital bone (d) sphenoid bone.
- Vertebral column extensors are located ______ to the vertebrae. a. dorsal b. lateral c. medial d. ventral
- Lumbar vertebrae A. have the largest vertebral foramina. B. have thin, heart-shaped bodies. C. have long, inferiorly angled spinous processes. D. bear more weight than the cervical or thoracic vertebrae. E. fuse into a single bone by the age of 30 years.
- In which region of the spine are the vertebrae fused in adults and form joints with the hip bones? a. cervical b. coccyx c. lumbar d. sacrum e. thoracic
- A typical lumbar vertebra has ______________________ A. a short. rounded spinous process. B. a bind spinous process. C. articulation sites for ribs. D. a transverse foramen. E. a very small body.
- The junction of two pubic bones is the _______. (a) anterior superior iliac spine (b) sacroiliac joint (c) symphysis pubis (d) Iliac fossa (e) Ischial tuberosity.
- The greater and lesser wings are part of the A. Forearm. B. occipital bone. C. sphenoid bone. D. temporal bone. E. Ethmoid bone.
- Which of the following are classified as the axial skeleton? (a) ribs, vertebrae, and radius (b) skull, sternum, vertebral column (c) costal cartilages, coccyx, and clavicle (d) ilium, ischium, and sacrum (e) parietal, pelvic, and sesamoid bones.
- The dens or odontoid process is on the _______. (a) first cervical vertebra (b) second cervical vertebra (c) first thoracic vertebra (d) second lumbar vertebra (e) coccyx.
- Articular facets on the transverse processes are characteristic of ________ vertebrae. (a) cervical (b) thoracic (c) lumbar (d) sacral (e) coccygeal.
- Bifid or split spinous processes characterize: a) Lumbar vertebrae. b) Thoracic vertebrae. c) Cervical vertebrae. d) None of the above.
- The mastoid process is a structural prominence of ________. (a) The sphenoid bone (b) The parietal bone (c) The occipital bone (d) The temporal bone (e) The ethmoid bone.
- Which of the following is not a part of the pelvis? a. Sacrum b. Coccyx c. Coxal bone d. Lumbar vertebrae e. Both B and D
- This is the anterior bone that articulates with the manubrium of the sternum at the sternoclavicular joint. A. Clavicle B. Thoracic vertebrae C. Scapula D. Rib E. Xiphoid
- The dorsal root ganglion is _____ to the spinal cord. a. ventral b. dorsal c. medial d. lateral e. rostral f. caudal
- The dorsal column nuclei are _____ to the spinal cord. a. ventral b. dorsal c. medial d. lateral e. rostral f. caudal
- Costal facets are features that characterize: a) Lumbar vertebrae. b) Cervical vertebrae. c) Sacrum. d) Thoracic vertebrae.
- The axial skeleton can be divided into the skull, the vertebral column, and the ________. (a) femur (b) thoracic cage (c) hip bone (d) humerus.
- Which vertebral bone articulates with the bone above it to allow your head to move from side-to-side when you say "no"? (a) atlas (b) axis (c) dens (d) coccyx (e) 7th cervical.
- Identify the bones and bone markings. *acetabulum *anterior superior iliac spine *greater sciatic notch *iliac crest *ilium *ischial spine *ischial tuberosity *ischium *obturator foramen *pubis
- What type of vertebrae is characterized by short, stumpy spinous processes and large bodies? A. Cervical vertebrae. B. Lumbar vertebrae. C. Thoracic vertebrae. D. Sacral vertebrae. E. Tall vertebrae.
- A. forearm-to-wrist joint B. joint between parietal bones C. rib-to-sternum joint D. joint between vertebral bodies E. femur-to-os coxae bone joint
- 1. The transverse process of a lumbar vertebra is homologous with the ______ in the thorax. 2. The epaxial muscles are innervated by the ______. 3. Name the two most superficial epaxial muscles. 4. Name four epaxial muscles that are located in the lumbar
- 1. elbow 2. interphalangeal joints 3. intercarpal joints 4. joints between talus and tibia/fibula 5. joint between the skull and vertebral column
- Thoracic vertebrae can be distinguished from other vertebrae by the presence of ____________. a) Transverse processes b) Transverse foramina c) Facets for the articulation of ribs d) Notched spinous processes e) Costal cartilages.
- The humerus articulates with the: a. clavicle b. scapula c. ribs d. vertebral column e. skull
- The most inferior region of the vertebral column is the _______. a. sacrum b. coccyx c. manubrium d. pubis
- Lumbar vertebrae may be distinguished from other vertebrae by the: a. transverse foramina in the transverse processes. b. transverse foramina, bifid spines, and triangular-shaped vertebral foramen. c. presence of articulating facets on the transverse p
- The ________ vertebrae are located in the neck. A. sacral B. thoracic C. cervical D. cranial
- Match the bone in Column A to its best location in the body provided in Column B. Column A 1. humerus 2. nasal bone 3. manubrium 4. ethmoid bone 5. mandible 6. pubis 7. zygomatic bone 8. femur 9. maxilla 10. frontal bone 11. ischium 12. ulna 13. atlas 14.
- The head of the femur fits into a socket called the ________. (a) acetabulum (b) femoral neck (c) sacro-iliac joint (d) glenoid fossa (e) olecranon fossa.
- The tubercle of a rib _______________________ A. is for articulation with the transverse process of a thoracic vertebra. B. is for articulation with the body of a thoracic vertebra. C. provides for passage of blood vessels and a nerve. D. is the area
- Which region of the spine contains the atlas and axis vertebrae? O Cervical O Thoracic O Lumbar O Sacrum O Coccyx
- The scapula articulates with the: a. clavicle b. sternum c. ribs d. vertebral column e. skull
- The 12 vertebrae with which the ribs articulate are called ______. a. lumbar b. sacral c. thoracic d. cervical
- Which one of the following bones forms a joint with another bone? a. Manubrium. b. Vertebra. c. Ischium. d. Ilium.
- 1. Head of the humerus 2. Foramen ovale in the skull 3. Trochanter on the femur 4. Costal face on a thoracic vertebra 5. Mastoid process on the skull 6. Carotid canal in the skull a. Articulating surface of a joint b. Attachment site for tendons or ligam
- Which bone forms the back of your head? a. The temporal bone. b. The occipital bone. c. The ethmoid bone. d. The sphenoid bone. e. The parietal bone.
- Which condition is the protrusion of the nucleus pulposus posteriorly or into one of the adjacent vertebral bodies in the vertebral column? a. herniated disc b. scoliosis c. kyphosis d. lordosis
- The atlas _______. (a) is a lumbar vertebra (b) includes the dens (odontoid process) (c) has a large spinous process (d) articulates with the occipital condyles of the skull (e) allows a person to move her head left or right on the neck.
- Which of the following is part of the axial skeleton? (a) Shoulder bones (b) Thighbone (c) Foot bones (d) Vertebral column.
- Which bone of the skull articulates with the vertebral column? A. hyoid bone. B. Occipital bone. C. Parietal bone. D. Temporal bone. E. Sphenoid bone.
- 1. Medial condyle of the humerus that articulates with the ulna 2. The lateral end of the spine of the scapula; clavicle articulation site 3. Small bump on the humerus, often called the funny bone
- Ribs posteriorly articulate with what part of the vertebrae? a) Transverse foramen b) Transverse costal facet c) Body d) Xiphoid process
- Which bony part of the thoracic vertebrae articulates with the tubercle of the rib? (a) body (b) spinous process (c) transverse process (d) lamina (e) pedicle.
- Which vertebral regions feature primary (kyphotic) curves? A. The thoracic and sacral curvatures B. The cervical and lumbar curvatures
- Which of the following consists of five fused vertebrae and articulates with the pelvic girdle? A. Coccyx. B. Manubrium. C. Sternum. D. Sacrum. E. Pectoral.
- A bone that lies between the hip and the knee is the _____. a) patella. b) femur. c) pelvis. d) ilium. d) tibia.
- What bone articulates with the thoracic vertebrae at the costal (demi) facets? at the superior/ inferior articular facets?
- In anatomy, what is the most anterior structure of a vertebra? - spinous process - lamina - body - vertebral foramen
- The manubrium of the sternum articulates with the: a. mandible b. ribs and collar bone (clavicle) c. xiphoid process d. humerus
- The hip joint is formed by ________ bone features. (a) pubic symphysis and lesser trochanter (b) femoral head and acetabulum (c) greater trochanter and acetabulum (d) femoral head and ischial tuberosity.
- Which of the following options is correct? Going from superior to inferior, the sequence of the vertebral column is A. sacral, coccyx, thoracic, lumbar, and cervical. B. coccyx, sacral, lumbar, thoracic, and cervical. C. cervical, lumbar, thoracic, sacral
- The two major divisions of the ventral body cavity are the a. pelvic and thoracic. b. thoracic and abdominopelvic. c. dorsal and ventral. d. cranial and sacral. e. lateral and medial.
- A group of bilaterally arranged muscles with many attachment sites spanning skull to the sacrum. Specifically, attachments are located on a posterior vertebra (spinous processes and transverse processes). ribs, posterior vertebral bodies, temporal bone, a
- The two major divisions of the ventral body cavity are the a. lateral and medial. b. cranial and sacral. c. pelvic and thoracic. d. thoracic and abdominopelvic. e. dorsal and ventral.
- Which of the following defines irregular bones? A. Bones of the skull B. Bones of the shoulder and hip C. Bones such as the humerus, femur, radius, ulna, and fibula D. Bones phalanges and carpals
- Correctly identify each described structure/region. 1. Composite bone; articulates with the hip bone laterally 2. Massive vertebra; weight-sustaining 3. Tailbone; vestigial fused vertebrae 4. Supports the head; allows rocking motion in conjunction with th
- Name of chest bone in the axial skeleton of the human body is ______________________ A. Vertebrae. B. Sternum. C. Ulna. D. Ribs. E. Patella.
- Which statement is true? A. The sacrum consists of 5 fused vertebrae. B. The coccyx consists of 3-5 fused vertebrae. C. There are five main regions in the vertebral column D. All of the above
- Sort the following bones into their mechanism of fomation (Intramembranous or Endochondral). a. Clavicle b. Flat Bones of the Skull c. Pelvis d. Maxilla of the Face e. Mandible f. Femur g. Vertebrae h. Ulna
- Which of the following bones is considered part of the axial skeleton? (a) Clavicle (b) Scapula (c) Ilium (d) Pubis (e) Sacrum.
- What bones are involved in the hip joint? Select all that apply. (a) Coccyx. (b) Femur. (c) Os Coxae. (d) Pubic. (e) Symphysis. (f) Sacrum.
- Which bone is the odd bone out and why? In these two groups. Parietal bone, sphenoid bone, frontal bone, occipital bone Lacrimal bone, nasal bone, zygomatic bone, maxilla
- a. What type of bone is the vertebra (single bone of a digit) - long, short, flat, or irregular? b. Which kind of skeleton is it a part of - the axial or the appendicular?
- Thoracic vertebrae may be distinguished from other vertebrae by the: a. characteristic short, stubby spines and thick bodies. b. presence of five fused bones into one vertebra. c. presence of articulating facets on the transverse processes. d. bind sp
- Do all vertebrae possess a body, a spine, and transverse foramina?
- 1. joints between skull bones 2. joint between the axis and atlas 3. hip joint 4. intervertebral joints (between articular processes) 5. joint between forearm bones and wrist 6. elbow
- The humerus bone is a bone of the: a. upper extremity b. lower extremity c. spinal column d. skull
- The seven bones of the neck are called ________ vertebrae. (a) lumbar (b) spinal (c) thoracic (d) cervical.
- Choose the bone(s) that belong to the axial skeleton. A. Cranial bones B. Sacrum C. Radius D. Patella E. Ribs F. Metacarpals
- The spinal cord passes through the following vertebral structure: a) Vertebral foramen. b) Superior articular facet. c) Transverse foramen. d) Spinous process.
- The inferior tip of the spinal cord is the ________ part. A. thoracic. B. lumbar. C. coccygeal. D. cervical. E. sacral.
- This bones is NOT one of the three bones of the hip bone a) ileum b) ilium c) ischium d) pubis
- Which bone is not part of axial skeleton? a) Ribs. b) Vertebrae. c) Sternum. d) Humerus.
- A typical cervical vertebra may be identified by the: a. characteristic short, stubby spines and thick bodies. b. presence of five fused bones into one vertebra. c. presence of articulating facets on the transverse processes. d. transverse foramina, b
- Match each structure of the vertebral column and rib cage in the numbered list with the correct description in the lettered list. |1. manubrium| a. all vertebrae |2. capitulum| b. second cervical vertebra |3. vertebrosternal ribs|c. thoracic vertebrae |4
- Match each skull structure in the numbered list with the correct bone in the lettered bone. | 1. sella turcica| a. sphenoid | 2. crista galli| b. maxilla |3. foramen magnum| c. frontal bone |4. zygomatic process| d. parietal bone |5. condylar process| e.
- 1. Is the angel of the rib on the anterior or posterior side of the body? 2. Which ribs (by number) are at the floating ribs? 3. What part of a rib articulates with the transverse process of a vertebra?
- Which of the following is an abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column often seen in the thoracic region? A) lordosis B) scoliosis C) kyphosis D) swayback
- The only bone in the body that does not form a joint with another bone A. maxilla B. mandible C. sternum D. hyoid
- Which of the following types of vertebrae articulate with ribs? a. cervical b. thoracic c. lumbar d. sacral e. coccygeal
- The primary curvature of the back (i.e.,the curvature of the entire vertebral column when we are born), is. a. Convex posteriorly b. Preserved in the lumbar region in adults c. A type of scoliosis d. A type of lordosis e. None of the above
- A hinge joint can be found between the: a. tarsals of the ankle. b. femur and the coxal bones. c. tibia and femur. d. humerus and the scapula.
- The clavicle articulates with the scapula at the __________. a) Acromion process b) Coracoid process c) Glenoid tuberosity d) Scapular spine e) Subscapular fossa.
- Fill in the blank with the proper directional term that best fits the comparison. The Sacrum is to the Lumbar vertebrae.
- The cerebellum is _____ to the pons.. a. ventral b. dorsal c. medial d. lateral e. rostral f. caudal
- What are the articulations and associations of the following bone structure? Vertebrae: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral
- The axial skeleton includes _______________ A) the skull, vertebral column, and pelvis B) arms, legs, hands, and feet C) the skull, vertebral column, and rib cage D) the skull, the scapula, and the vertebral column
- Which region of the spine is most proximal to the skull? A. Lumbar B. Sacral C. Cervical D. Thoracic E. Caudal
- What is the typical site of a bone marrow biopsy on an adult? A. anterior superior iliac spine B. iliac crest C. pubic crest D. ischial ramus E. posterior superior iliac spine
- Fill in the blank with the proper directional term that best fits the comparison. The Lumbar vertebrae are to the Cervical vertebrae.
- Identify the structure/region of the vertebral column described below: Also known as the tailbone; consists of 4 fused vertebrae.
- Identify the parts of the femur. *gluteal tuberosity *greater trochanter *head of femur *intercondylar fossa *intertrochanteric crest *lateral condyle *lesser trochanter *medial condyle *neck of femur
- What are three structural differences between the cervical vertebrae, thoracic vertebrae, and lumbar vertebrae?