Solve the following differential equation: {eq}e^x y \frac{\mathrm{d}y}{\mathrm{d}x} = e^{-y} + e^{-2x - y} {/eq}.

Question:

Solve the following differential equation: {eq}e^x y \frac{\mathrm{d}y}{\mathrm{d}x} = e^{-y} + e^{-2x - y} {/eq}.

Using Separation of Variables to Solve a First-Order Differential Equation:

Suppose we have a differential equation of the form {eq}f(x, y) \displaystyle\frac{dy}{dx} = g(x, y). {/eq} If we are able to solve the equation for {eq}\displaystyle\frac{dy}{dx} {/eq} so that the right hand side of the equation is the product of a function of {eq}x {/eq} and a function of {eq}y, {/eq} then the equation is separable. We can then separate the variables using multiplication and division, and determine the solution by using integration.

Answer and Explanation: 1

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We first divide both sides of the equation by {eq}e^x. {/eq} This gives the new equation

{eq}\begin{eqnarray*}y \frac{\mathrm{d}y}{\mathrm{d}x} & =...

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Separation of Variables to Solve System Differential Equations

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Chapter 15 / Lesson 2
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Explore the separation of variables in differential equations. Study the steps involved in the method of separation of variables with examples in each step.


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