How are enzymes produced in a cell?


How are enzymes produced in a cell?

The Central Dogma:

The Central Dogma of molecular biology explains how genetic material is read and converted into proteins. Genetic material exists as DNA and, in humans, it is stored in the cell nucleus. DNA contains regions known as genes which each code for a specific protein. A given gene is transcribed into mRNA (messenger RNA) in the nucleus. This mRNA then exits the nucleus into the cytoplasm. A ribosome attaches to it and uses it as a recipe to synthesise the correct protein in a process known as translation.

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Since enzymes are proteins, they follow the same transcription --> translation pathway outlined above. Enzymes are globular proteins and therefore...

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Protein Synthesis in the Cell and the Central Dogma


Chapter 9 / Lesson 1

Learn about the central dogma of protein synthesis, the central dogma diagram, and how DNA is transcribed into RNA, which is translated into code to build proteins.

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