Find a formula for {eq}a_n {/eq} for the arithmetic sequence.

{eq}a_1 = 15 {/eq}, {eq}d = 4 {/eq}

Question:

Find a formula for {eq}a_n {/eq} for the arithmetic sequence.

{eq}a_1 = 15 {/eq}, {eq}d = 4 {/eq}

The {eq}n^{\text{th}} {/eq} term formula for the Arithmetic Sequence:

In an arithmetic sequence, the {eq}n^{\text{th}} {/eq} term is denoted as {eq}a_n. {/eq} For instance, the first term is denoted as {eq}a_1. {/eq} The difference between each consecutive term in the sequence is indicated as {eq}d, {/eq} which is a constant. Hence, the formula for the {eq}n^{\text{th}} {/eq} term of the arithmetic sequence will be:

$$a_n = a+ \left(n-1 \right) d $$

Answer and Explanation: 1

We have,

  • The first term, {eq}a_1 = 15 {/eq}
  • Common difference: {eq}d = 4 {/eq}

The {eq}n^{\text{th}} {/eq} term is, {eq}a_n = a+ \left(n-1 \right) d {/eq}.

Let us apply the given values in the above {eq}n^{\text{th}} {/eq} formula:

$$\begin{align*} a_n &= a+ \left(n-1 \right) d \\ \\ &= 15 + \left( n -1 \right) \times 4 \\ \\ &= 15 + 4n - 4 \\ \\ \therefore a_n &= 11 + 4n \end{align*} $$

Hence, the {eq}n^{\text{th}} {/eq} formula is {eq}\color{blue}{a_n = 11+4n} {/eq}.


Learn more about this topic:

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Writing Rules for Arithmetic Sequences

from

Chapter 9 / Lesson 7
39K

Understand what an arithmetic sequence is and discover how to solve arithmetic sequence problems using the explicit and recursive formulas. Learn the formula that explains how to sum a finite number of terms of an arithmetic progression.


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