Explain the formal and informal aspects of organizational design, the design elements related to...


Explain the formal and informal aspects of organizational design, the design elements related to each, and their relationship in implementing change.


Organisation is said to be a structure or an entity formed for the purpose of doing business and making profits. It runs by a mix of labour, land, capital and raw materials. Working in a well-defined structure is very important in any organisation.

Answer and Explanation:

The formal aspects of an organisational design are as follows:

1. Coordination: Coordination is the golden key behind every managerial task. It is a concept which shows that working in an efficient and effective manner can help the organisation reach it goal at a faster pace. It is the act of working in sync with every other department and employee. Without coordination there is no management or organisation.

2. Delegation: Delegation refers to the process of dividing the tasks to the subordinates without the division of authority. It only includes the division of responsibility from superior to subordinate and not the authority

3. Authority:Authority in a workplace refers to the quality through which the employees respect the superior and allows the superior to control their work-related decisions. Authority is a concept which is always used with responsibility. There is not authority without the responsibility and vice versa.

4. Communication medium: A formal organisation follows a formal flow of communication, which generally includes an authoritarian flow of communication. The only messages passed in this communication medium are reports, emails or letters. There are many other types of formal communication chains, including horizontal flow, downward flow and star shaped communication.

The informal aspects of an organisation structure are:

1. Attitude: an informal organisational structure shows how the employees and superiors act in an informal environment. It defined the attitude of employees towards each other in an informal setting.

2. Communication medium: there is no defined communication route in an informal organisation structure. No medium is followed. All types of views, facts and messages can be shared with anyone.

A combination of both formal and informal aspects in an organisation can help the employees work better, thus helping in achieving the organisational goal. being in a combination of formal and informal environment helps the employees get adapted to change easily. The workers tend to work more effectively within their workgroups and departments.

Learn more about this topic:

Informal Organization: Definition, Structure & Examples


Chapter 9 / Lesson 8

Informal organization is the social structure of an organization. Dive deeper into the definition, concepts, and structure of informal organization, as well as examples of it in this lesson.

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