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Explain how the shapes of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins relate to their functions.

Question:

Explain how the shapes of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins relate to their functions.

Hydrophilicity and Hydrophobicity:

We'll use a couple of terms to describe molecular structure and behavior:

  • Hydrophobic refers to the tendency of a molecule to avoid interacting with water or other polar/charged molecules. They readily interact with similarly nonpolar and hydrophobic molecules.
  • Hydrophilic refers to the free interaction with water and polar/charged molecules by a molecule. These molecules generally orient themselves in such a way to maximize interactions with polar molecules and minimize interactions with nonpolar/hydrophobic molecules.

Answer and Explanation: 1

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Carbohydrates and lipids are both used as forms of energy storage in the body. The differences in the general shape and features between lipids and...

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Protein Molecules: Functions, Structure & Examples

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Chapter 4 / Lesson 15
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Learn what is a protein molecule and what is involved at each level of protein molecular structure. Also see protein molecule examples and their functions.


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