Einstein's theory of relativity and Newton's theory of gravity are good examples of scientific...

Question:

Einstein's theory of relativity and Newton's theory of gravity are good examples of scientific theories because they are _____ in nature. Select all that apply.

a. anecdote

b. general

c. specific

d. empirical

Theory:

In science, the explanation and observations formulated by studying the phenomenon of nature are called theories. The hypothesis which is proposed in theories is constructed scientifically through careful observations. The scientific theories always bring facts of nature and hypotheses together.

Answer and Explanation: 1

Albert Einstein and Isaac Newton are the great physicists who proposed relativity and gravity, respectively. The theory of relativity states that the speed of the light in the vacuum does not change from the speed at which the observer travel. All the conditions of physics are also applicable to non-accelerating observers. According to Newton's theory of gravity, all the objects are attracted towards the earth due to gravity, and it also gives specific weight to the objects. Both theories are formulated by observing nature, and these are verifiable through observation and experience because they are the specific and general phenomenon of nature.

Thus, the correct options are b. general, c. specific and d. empirical.

  • Option a. is incorrect because anecdote with respect to theories is often regarded as unreliable.

Explore our homework questions and answers library