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Draw the hybridization and bonding scheme for {eq}SOCl_2 {/eq} with the double bond resonance structure.

Question:

Draw the hybridization and bonding scheme for {eq}SOCl_2 {/eq} with the double bond resonance structure.

Orbital Hybridization:

Small atoms belonging to the second and third periods of the periodic table have smaller orbital lobes due to which their orbitals have a small extent of overlapping.

To overcome this problem, they undergo orbital hybridization that forms a new set of orbitals with larger lobes.

The geometry of the molecule depends on the hybridization of the central atom.

Answer and Explanation: 1

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  • Thionyl chloride {eq}SOCl_2{/eq} has a central sulfur atom that is bonded to one oxygen atom and two chlorine atoms.
  • There is an S=O double bond and...

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Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape

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Chapter 5 / Lesson 15
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Learn the definition of hybrid orbitals. See different examples, such as sp hybridization. Explore how to determine hybridization and hybridization of atoms.


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