Dissociative identity disorder involves:
a. recurrent attacks of extremely intense fear or dread
b. the inability to remember important personal information
c. a loss of personal identity accompanied by escape or flight from the home environment
d. alternating among two or more distinct identities or personality states
Dissociative Identity Disorder:
As the name suggests, dissociative identity disorder (DID) is classified by the American Psychiatric Association as a variation of dissociative disorder. Currently, the etiology of this disorder is poorly understood. That being said, the development of DID has been associated with traumatic experiences.
Answer and Explanation:
The correct solution to this problem is provided by option D: alternating among two or more distinct identities or personality states.
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) or previously known as multiple personalities disorder (MPD) is not a common mental disorder. Its community prevalence is approximately 1% or less. Referring to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-V), DID has five main diagnostic criteria. Below are two examples in addition to the one mentioned in option D.
- Significant memory gaps or forgetting of personal or traumatic memories.
- Significant functional impairments associated with the symptoms.
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Learn more about this topic:
fromChapter 10 / Lesson 15
Explore the multiple personality disorder story of Billy Milligan. Understand the significance of this dissociative identity disorder case to psychology.