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Determine the kinds of intermolecular forces that are present in each element or compound. a. Kr...

Question:

Determine the kinds of intermolecular forces that are present in each element or compound.

a. {eq}Kr{/eq}

b. {eq}NCl_3{/eq}

c. {eq}SH_4{/eq}

d. {eq}HF{/eq}

Intermolecular forces :

Intermolecular forces are the forces making attractive or repulsive forces that exists between molecules. There are mainly four types of intermolecular forces:

1 ) Hydrogen bonding

2 ) dipole - dipole forces

3 ) Dispersion forces

4 ) Ionic forces

Answer and Explanation: 1

The Intermolecular forces that are present in given compounds are :

(a) Kr - London Dispersion forces

Since, Kr is a noble gas, there is no polarity resulting to only weak intermolecular forces of attraction present in Kr.

(b) {eq}NCl_{3} {/eq} - London dispersion forces and dipole - dipole forces.

{eq}NCl_{3} {/eq} is polar in nature as a result of which dipole - dipole forces are present in it and London dispersion forces are also present since the elements are at a closer proximity to each other.

(c) {eq}SH_{4} {/eq} - London Dispersion forces.

(d) HF - London dispersion forces , Dipole - dipole forces and Hydrogen bonding.


Learn more about this topic:

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Intermolecular Forces in Chemistry: Definition, Types & Examples

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Chapter 5 / Lesson 3
21K

Explore intermolecular forces. Learn the definition of intermolecular force and understand its different types. Discover intermolecular forces examples in real life.


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