Define the term {eq}metallurgy {/eq}. What does the study of metallurgy include?


Define the term {eq}metallurgy {/eq}. What does the study of metallurgy include?

Minerals and Ores:

Minerals are inorganic solids that develop in nature and have a crystalline structure and a specific spectrum of chemical formulas. Ores are areas of mineral concentration in rock that can be economically mined for use. All minerals are ores. However, not all minerals are ores.

Answer and Explanation: 1


The definition of metallurgy is the area of chemistry concerned with the removal of pure metals from their ore.

The study of metallurgy includes the following:

1. Minerals and ores-

The crust of the planet contains a large diversity of metals. Minerals are naturally occurring metallic compounds intermingled with sand, soil, and rocks with a certain chemical makeup. Ore is a metallic compound with a reasonably high metal content that can economically and conveniently extract certain elements.

2. Metallurgy Process-

Metals are refined throughout the metallurgy process, and metal alloys are created. Gangue is the term for the impurities that must be removed from the ore during extraction to produce the desired metal. Flux is a material added to the furnace to eliminate the gangue contained in the ore. The following are the essential steps in the metallurgy of metals:

  • Ore is crushed and then ground.
  • The ore is then concentrated
  • Obtaining the base metal
  • Cleaning of the metal

3. The following are the metallurgical processes:

  • Grinding and Crushing: Pulverisation, or the process of crushing ores into fine powder in a crusher, is the main step in the metallurgy of metals.
  • Physical methods include Hydraulic Method, Magnetic Separation, and Froth floatation processes.
  • Chemical methods include Leaching, Roasting, and Calcination.

Thus, the definition of metallurgy and its study areas are described above.

Learn more about this topic:

What Are Minerals? - Types, Properties & Examples


Chapter 6 / Lesson 11

Learn the meaning of a mineral and see examples of minerals, such as iron, magnesium, and quartz. Learn about minerals and their properties with examples.

Related to this Question

Explore our homework questions and answers library