Define the following terms with reference to their anatomical limits. a. Thorax b. Abdomen c....


Define the following terms with reference to their anatomical limits. a. Thorax b. Abdomen c. Pelvis d. Arm e. Forearm f. Thigh g. Leg h. Upper extremity i. Lower extremity j. Trunk k. Ankle l. Wrist m. Palm n. Calf o. Foot

Anatomical Position:

A number of terms are used to define the location of a particular body part or organ often in reference to another anatomical structure.

Proximal - Closer to a specific point or the trunk

Distal - Further away from a specific point or the trunk

Superior - Towards the head

Inferior - Away from the head

Medial - Towards the midline of the body

Lateral - Away from the midline of the body

Answer and Explanation: 1

  • A: Thorax - The chest cavity located inferior to the head but superior to the abdomen. Located within the chest cage.
  • B: Abdomen - Located inferior to the thoracic cavity but superior to the pelvis. Location of multiple organ systems.
  • C: Pelvis - Located distal to the abdominal cavity.
  • D:Arm - Located lateral to the thoracic cavity.
  • E: Forearm - Located distal to the upper arm.
  • F: Thigh - Located distal to the pelvis but superior to the calf.
  • G: Leg - Located distal to the pelvis.
  • H: Upper extremity - Located superior to the abdominal cavity
  • I: Lower extremity - Located inferior to the abdominal cavity.
  • J: Trunk - Located medially and superior to the pelvis.
  • K: Ankle - Located inferior to the calf.
  • L: Wrist - Located distal to the forearm.
  • M: Palm - Located distal to the wrist.
  • N: Calf - Located distal to the thigh.
  • O: Foot - Located distal to the ankle.

Learn more about this topic:

Anatomical Directional Terminology: Anterior, Posterior and More


Chapter 4 / Lesson 8

What does anterior mean in anatomy and what does posterior mean in anatomy? Learn the anterior and posterior definitions in anatomy and their differences.

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