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Classify each of the following substances as a Lewis acid, Lewis base, either a Lewis acid or...

Question:

Classify each of the following substances as a Lewis acid, Lewis base, either a Lewis acid or base, or neither a Lewis acid or base

a) {eq}BF_{3} {/eq}

b) {eq}Fe^{3+} {/eq}

c) {eq}HS^{-} {/eq}

d) {eq}CO {/eq}

e) {eq}CCl_{4} {/eq}

Lewis acid

A lewis acid is any substance that accepts a pair of non-bonding electrons and it is an electron acceptor. Lewis base is an electron donor and donate a pair of non-bonding electrons.

Answer and Explanation: 1

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1.{eq}BF_{3} {/eq} is a lewis acid as it is electron poor and accepts electron.

2.{eq}Fe^{3+} {/eq} is a lewis acid as it is an electron acceptor.

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Lewis Acid: Definition, Theory & Examples

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Chapter 16 / Lesson 19
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What is Lewis acid and base? Read the steps on how to identify Lewis acids/bases here. Learn more about some examples and advantages of Lewis acid-base theory.


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