Classify each of the following species as a Lewis acid or a Lewis base.

a. {eq}CO_2 {/eq}

b. {eq}H_2O {/eq}

c. {eq}I^- {/eq}

d. {eq}SO_2 {/eq}

Question:

Classify each of the following species as a Lewis acid or a Lewis base.

a. {eq}CO_2 {/eq}

b. {eq}H_2O {/eq}

c. {eq}I^- {/eq}

d. {eq}SO_2 {/eq}

Lewis Theory of Acids and Bases:

Lewis Theory is one of the three theories that identifies what an acid or a base is. It is the most comprehensive among all the three theories which deals with the movement of electrons.

A Lewis acid is a substance that is electron-accepting because it contains an atom that is deficient in electron. A Lewis base is a substance that donates electrons because it contains an atom that is rich in electron.

Answer and Explanation: 1

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Let us look at each choice:

a. Carbon dioxide has carbon that is bonded to two electronegative O atoms. Because they are highly electronegative,...

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Lewis Acid: Definition, Theory & Examples

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Chapter 16 / Lesson 19
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What is Lewis acid and base? Read the steps on how to identify Lewis acids/bases here. Learn more about some examples and advantages of Lewis acid-base theory.


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