1) Please identify the following from the reaction: a) Leaving group b) solvent c) What type of...

Question:

1) Please identify the following from the reaction:

(2S) 2-Bromohexane + NaCN/CH{eq}_{3} {/eq}CN {eq}\rightarrow {/eq}

a) Leaving group

b) solvent

c) What type of alkyl halide is it?

d) What is the nucleophile?

2) Please draw the structure of (2S) 2-Bromohexane and the product, if it undergoes S{eq}_{N} {/eq}2 reaction using Fisher projection.

Cyanide anion in substitution reactions:

The cyanide anion is a carbon nucleophile. It will react with alkyl halides in substitution reactions via the SN2 or the SN1 mechanism. SN2 reaction of a cyanide anion and a chiral alkyl halide will result in inversion of configuration.

Answer and Explanation: 1

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1)

a) Bromide (Br) is the leaving group

b) Acetonitrile (CH3CN) is the solvent

c) (2S)-2-Bromohexane is a secondary alkyl halide

d) Cyanide (CN)...

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Nucleophilic Substitution in Haloalkanes

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Chapter 11 / Lesson 2
24K

Learn about nucleophilic substitution. Explore two types of nucleophilic substitution reactions: study SN1 and SN2 reaction mechanisms and corresponding examples.


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